The Life of Jesus on Earth
"Jesus" is a transliteration, occurring in a number of languages and based on the Latin Iesus, of the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Iēsoûs), itself a hellenization of the Aramaic/Hebrew ישוע (Yēšûă‘) which is a post-Exilic modification of the Hebrew יְהוֹשֻׁעַ (Yĕhōšuă‘, Joshua) under influence from Aramaic.
The etymology of the name Jesus in the context of the New Testament is generally expressed as "Yahweh saves";"Yahweh is salvation". In the Bible he is referred to as "Jesus from Nazareth",[Mt 21:11] "Joseph's son",[Lk 4:22] and "Jesus son of Joseph from Nazareth".[Jn 1:45] Paul the Apostle most often referred to Jesus as "Jesus Christ", "Christ Jesus", or "Christ". "Christ" (pron.: //) is derived from the Greek Χριστός (Khrīstos), meaning "the anointed" or "the anointed one", a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ (Māšîaḥ), usually transliterated into English as "Messiah"
Basic Biblical Beliefs about Jesus
Most Christians believe that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of a virgin (the Blessed Virgin Mary), performed miracles, founded the Church, died sacrificially by crucifixion to achieve atonement, rose from the dead, and ascended into heaven, from which he will return. The majority of Christians worship Jesus as the incarnation of God the Son, who is the Second Person of the Holy Trinity.
- Teachings and Sermons
- Passion and Crucifixion
- Resurrection and Appearances
According to the Biblical gospels, Jesus Christ, when he turned 33 years old, was baptized in the Jordan River by a prophet named John, who is referred to in the Bible as "John the Baptist." After John lifted him up out of the water, the Holy Spirit came down from Heaven in the form of a dove and it rested on His shoulders. Jesus then went into the desert beyond the Jordan River and fasted and prayed for forty days. While he fasted, Satan (or as some Christians call him, "the Devil") came to Jesus and tempted Him three times into disobeying God's laws. Satan failed each of his attempts to tempt Jesus and Jesus cast him out of His presence by saying, "GO AWAY, SATAN! For it is written, "Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve."(referencing Deuteronomy 10:20). Jesus then chose twelve men, or "apostles" to be his fellow disciples, and he taught them about the Kingdom of God. The twelve disciples he chose were:
- Simon, who is called Peter
- James the son of Zebedee
- Matthew, the tax collector
- James the son of Alphaeus
- Simon the Zealot
- Judas Iscariot, the one who would betray him.
According to the Bible, Jesus also preached very profound and prolific scriptural sermons that attracted the attention of not only thousands of Jews and Gentiles, but the leaders of the Jewish people. Jesus also worked many miracles healing the sick, raising the dead back to life, and controlling nature itself to prove His power as the Son of God.
The Transfiguration and the Confession of Peter
At about the middle of each of the three synoptic gospels, two related episodes mark a turning point in the narrative: the Confession of Peter and the Transfiguration of Jesus. Peter's Confession begins as a dialogue between Jesus and his disciples in Matthew 16:13, Mark 8:27 and Luke 9:18. Jesus asks his disciples: But who do you say that I am? Simon Peter answers him: You are the Christ, the Son of the living God. In Matthew 16:17 Jesus blesses Peter for his answer, and states: "flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father who is in heaven." In blessing Peter, Jesus not only accepts the titles Christ and Son of God which Peter attributes to him, but declares the proclamation a divine revelation by stating that his Father in Heaven had revealed it to Peter. In this assertion, by endorsing both titles as divine revelation, Jesus unequivocally declares himself to be both Christ and the Son of God. The account of the Transfiguration of Jesus appears in Matthew 17:1–9, Mark 9:2–8, Luke 9:28–36. Jesus takes Peter and two other apostles with him and goes up to a mountain, which is not named. Once on the mountain, Matthew (17:2) states that Jesus "was transfigured before them; his face shining as the sun, and his garments became white as the light." A bright cloud appears around them, and a voice from the cloud states: "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him". The Transfiguration not only supports the identity of Jesus as the Son of God (as in his Baptism), but the statement "listen to him", identifies him as the messenger and mouth-piece of God.
Towards the end of his life on Earth, Jesus told his disciples to get a donkey for him and when they asked the owner of it could they borrow it, they brought it back to him, and he rode into the city of Jerusalem on the donkey as the people of Jerusalem praised Him and glorified Him as he entered into the city gates. Jesus then went to the temple to worship God and pray when he saw the pharisees and sadducees in Jerusalem had turned the temple into a marketplace in order to appease the Romans' demands after the Romans annexed Israel. Jesus became so angry that he kicked over the tables where the sellers were selling their goods and according to the Gospel of Saint John, took a whip and beat the money traders and sellers in the temple with the whip.
The Authority of Jesus questioned
The following day when Jesus went back to the temple, a couple of the Pharisees challenged His authority given to Him by God to preach, prophesy, and work miracles. They asked Him, "By what authority do you do these things?" Surprisingly, Jesus answered their question with another question, "By what authority did John the Baptist baptize those who followed him?" The Pharisees then went to another part of the temple and discussed the question by saying, "If we say his authority came from man, the people will kill us, for they were convinced he was a prophet of God. And if we say his authority came from God, Jesus will say, "Well then, why did you not believe in John?" " After they discussed the question, they went back to Jesus and said, "We don't know where his authority came from." Much to their displeasure, Jesus answered, "If you don't know where his authority came from, I will not tell you where My authority comes from!"
The Final Week from the Last Supper to the Crucifixion
Towards the end of the week, Jesus has the Last Supper with his disciples, during which he institutes the Eucharist, and prepares them for his departure in the Farewell Discourse. After the supper, Jesus is betrayed with a kiss while he is in agony in the garden, and is arrested. After his arrest, Jesus is abandoned by most of his disciples, and Peter denies him three times, as Jesus had predicted during the Last Supper. Jesus is first questioned by the Sanhedrin, and is then tried by Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea. After the scourging of Jesus, and his mocking as the King of the Jews Pilate orders the crucifixion. Jesus' crucifixion is described in all four canonical gospels. On Calvary, Jesus is nailed to a cross where he was crucified by Roman soldiers and died on the cross.
Resurrection and Ascension
The New Testament accounts of the resurrection and ascension of Jesus, state that the first day of the week after the crucifixion (typically interpreted as a Sunday), his followers encounter him risen from the dead, after his tomb is discovered to be empty. After the discovery of the empty tomb, the gospels indicate that Jesus made a series of appearances to the disciples. About forty days after the resurrection, Jesus then ascends into Heaven as the Son of God where He is currently seated on the right hand throne of God, waiting for the day when He will return to the Earth to judge the people of the Earth.
Jesus in COGIC beliefs/doctrines
According to the Official Statement of Faith of the Church of God in Christ , their belief in Jesus is interpreted as this: '"We believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, the Second person in the Godhead of the Trinity or Triune Godhead. We believe that Jesus was and is eternal in his person and nature as the Son of God who was with God in the beginning of creation (St. John 1:1). We believe that Jesus Christ was born of a virgin called Mary according to the scripture (St. Matthew 1:18), thus giving rise to our fundamental belief in the Virgin Birth and to all of the miraculous events surrounding the phenomenon (St. Matthew 1:18-25). We believe that Jesus Christ became the "suffering servant" to man; this suffering servant came seeking to redeem man from sin and to reconcile him back to God, his Father (Romans 5:10). We believe that Jesus Christ is standing now as mediator between God and man (I Timothy 2:5) "'
COGIC believes that faith in Jesus Christ is essential and vital for living as a Christian. COGIC believes that all humans are born in sin because of the curse God put on Adam and Eve and all their descendants in Genesis chapter 3, and that the only means of being "saved and cleansed from sin and iniquity" is to put your belief, faith, and trust in Jesus Christ as the Son of God, the Mediator between God and man, and as the Second Person of the Holy Trinity (or Godhead). COGIC also believes in the "Sola fide et Sola Gratia" (literally translates to "Faith alone and Grace Alone") doctrine, which states that humans are saved through their faith alone and through God's dispensational grace alone, the same grace that God gave humans through His Son, Jesus Christ.